What is Malaria?
It is an infectious disease caused by a parasite. This parasite is spread to humans by an infected mosquito. When an infected mosquito bites a healthy person then the person gets infected by malaria. People having malaria feels a high fever. One can protect himself/herself by wearing protective clothing, using mosquito nets at night while sleeping. While traveling to malaria-infected areas, one must carry insecticides.
Some common signs and symptoms of malaria :–
- Rapid heart-rate
- Rapid breathing
- Muscle or joint pain
- Abdominal pain
The signs and symptoms of malaria can be seen within a few weeks after biting by an infected mosquito. Sometimes, we have to suffer for up to a year from some types of malaria parasites.
Risk factors :–
There is a great risk factor for the people who are visiting such areas where malaria is common.
- Areas/regions like tropical and subtropical region of :
- Pacific islands
- Central America
- Sub-Saharan Africa
- South and Southeast Asia
Northern South America
Causes of transmission :–
- Singled-celled parasite of the genus plasmodium(mosquito).
- Through blood transfer
- By sharing needles for drug injection
- From a mother to her unborn child.
Some complications under malaria are :
- Breathing problems
- Organ failure (Kidney or liver)
- Low blood sugar
- Cerebral malaria causes coma or seizures.
Some common steps towards preventions :-
- Use mosquito-nets while sleeping
- Use repellent for clothing
- Use insect repellent on skin
- Must cover skin.