Malaria.

Malaria.

What is Malaria?

It is an infectious disease caused by a parasite. This parasite is spread to humans by an infected mosquito. When an infected mosquito bites a healthy person then the person gets infected by malaria. People having malaria feels a high fever. One can protect himself/herself by wearing protective clothing, using mosquito nets at night while sleeping. While traveling to malaria-infected areas, one must carry insecticides.

Some common signs and symptoms of malaria :

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Chills
  • Rapid heart-rate
  • Discomfortness
  • Rapid breathing
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Muscle or joint pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain

The signs and symptoms of malaria can be seen within a few weeks after biting by an infected mosquito. Sometimes, we have to suffer for up to a year from some types of malaria parasites.

Risk factors :

There is a great risk factor for the people who are visiting such areas where malaria is common.

  • Areas/regions like tropical and subtropical region of :
  • Pacific islands
  • Central America
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • South and Southeast Asia

Northern South America

Causes of transmission :

  • Singled-celled parasite of the genus plasmodium(mosquito).
  • Through blood transfer
  • By sharing needles for drug injection
  • From a mother to her unborn child.
Some complications under malaria are :
  • Breathing problems
  • Organ failure (Kidney or liver)
  • Low blood sugar
  • Cerebral malaria causes coma or seizures.
Some common steps towards preventions :-
  • Use mosquito-nets while sleeping
  • Use repellent for clothing
  • Use insect repellent on skin
  • Must cover skin.

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