Obesity means being overweight of a healthy body. It can be defined as a complex disease having a great amount of body fat in a healthy body. It can also be called a medical problem that increases the risk your other health problems like heart diseases, diabetes, certain cancers, high blood pressure, etc. Obesity and overweight often grows in adults and children.

There is a various range of serious health complications in children and adults due to this obesity. The Body Mass Index i.e, BMI is determined by the height and weight of a person. This BMI defines the overweight and obesity of a person. This BMI can be calculated as :



  where, BMI = body mass index;

                                 m = mass of body (in kg);

                                              h = height of the body (in meter).

The range of BMI in a healthy body of a person between (18.5 to 24.9) kg/m2 is considered as the normal weight of that very person. The BMI occurs between (25 to 29.9) kg/m2 in an adult can be called overweight. An adult having BMI over 30kg/m2 can be called obese. Also, when the BMI of a person becomes 40kg/m2 or over that means he is suffering from extreme obesity.

Some most common causes of obesity :-

  • Physical inactivity
  • Overeating
  • Genetics
  • A diet containing high amount of carbohydrates
  • Frequency of eating
  • Medications
  • Psychological factors
  • Diseases
  • Social issues
  • Hormones
  • Pregnancy
  • Lack of sleep

Some complications under obesity :-

  • Heart disease and stroke
  • Type-2 diabetes
  • Certain cancers
  • Digestive problems
  • Gynecological and sexual problems
  • Sleeping problems
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Severe COVID-19 symptoms or problems.

Prevention during Obesity :-

  • Regular exercise
  • A healthy eating plan should be followed
  • Avoid the food traps that causes eating too much
  • Body weight should be monitored regularly

Need to be consistent

Diagnosis :-
  • Health history should be taken regularly
  • Performing a general physical exam
  •  BMI calculations
  • Waist circumference measurements
  • Other health problems check up.
  • Blood tests
Treatment :-
  • Dietary changes
  • Exercise and activity
  • Behavior changes
  • Weight-loss medication
  • Weight-loss surgery
Treatment of child obesity :-

Treatments of child obesity mean improving the diet plan of that very child. Physical activity should be increased in the child to maintain the health of his/her body. A child over  5 years of age should be given vigorous-intensity exercise at least 1-hour per day. Some physical exercise games are running, playing football, netball, volleyball, cricket, badminton, etc. Watching television or mobile phones, playing video games, computer games, etc. must be restricted because this type of activity is a great cause of obesity.  

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