What is TB?
TB stands for Tuberculosis, a communicable disease, and also a contagious infection that usually attacks our lungs. It also affects the other parts of the body like the brain and spine.
It is caused by the inhaling of bacteria i.e, “Mycobacterium Tuberculosis” . it is also caused by the bacteria spread through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
In early times, this disease caused maximum deaths but this disease can be cured with antibiotics.
Types of Tuberculosis –
- TB Infection i.e, latent TB :- Latent TB or TB infection means that your body is
having the germs of TB but the immune system stops from spreading. In this case, your body is not having any symptoms. But the bacteria of this disease is active in your body.
- TB Disease i.e, Active TB :- Active TB or TB disease means that our body is sick with this infection and the germs of this infection is getting multiplied with a very high range. This type of person can spread this disease very easily to others.
Signs of Tuberculosis :–
- Cough (more than 3-weeks)
- Pain in chest
- Blood in Cough
- Body tiredness (Every time)
- Sweat at night
- Loss of body weight
- Loss of appetite
A healthy person has a healthy immune system that has the ability to fight ith TB bacteria. But a person is not capable of a fight with the TB disease, if he/she has the following diseases:-
- AIDS (HIV)
- Kidney problem
- Poor nutrition
- Low body weight
Transmission of Tuberculosis (TB) :-
A person suffering from TB can transmit the TB germs by the tiny droplets released by coughing, sneezing, talking, laughing, or singing. When a healthy person inhales these germs then he/she can get this disease every easily. Also, TB germs can not have on the surface. A person can get it from shaking hands with the infected person or by sharing their food or drinking.
Tuberculosis Treatment :-
- When someone has latent TB , his/her doctor medicates to kill the bacteria so that the infection doesn’t get active. The doctor also prescribes him/her to take medicines up to 9 months.
- The active case of TB can also be treated by taking some combinations of medicines. Some common drugs or medicines are Rifampin, Isoniazid, Ethambutol and pyrazinamide.
Some complications under TB :-
- Tissues inflammation (around heart)
- Liver problems
- Lung damage
- Joint damage
- Damaging of bones,
- Infection in spinal cord, brain, lymph nodes.